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Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, April 2012

PHOSPHINE GAS|HYDROQUINONE|ASEPTIC PACKAGING
Highlights of Some of the Articles

TALK OF THE MONTH : BUDGET 2012 LITTLE CHEER TO CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
STATE OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION FINDINGS OF THE STUDY
PHOSPHINE GAS – PRODUCT PROFILE
MONO CHLORO ACETIC ACID (MCA) GLOBAL SCENARIO
HYDROQUINONE – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
ETHABOXAM – PRODUCT PROFILE
GLOBAL SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY TO GROW BY 4% IN 2012 - FINDINGS OF A STUDY
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ASEPTIC PACKAGING
MENTHA OIL INDUSTRY - OPPORTUNITIES & UNCERTAINTIES
THE ETHANOL BLENDING PROGRAMME
NUCLEAR FUEL COMPLEX'S NIOBIUM FACILITY
CARBON CREDITS LIKELY TO FETCH Rs.4,775 CR IN 2012
COLOUR COTTON AT CROSS ROADS
INDIA’S NATURAL GAS IMPORTS WILL BECOME ALMOST TOTAL
UNCERTAIN COAL SCENARIO IN INDIA
PROSPECTS FOR SHALE GAS PROJECTS IN POLAND
GRAPHENE BASED MEMBRANES FOR SUPERPERMEABILITY - RESEARCH EFFORTS
BIO BUTANOL DEMONSTRATION PLANT AT HULL, U.K
ON SITE SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SYSTEM
ANTI MALARIAL COMPOUNDS FROM MARINE ORGANISMS RESEARCH EFFORTS
OTHER FEATURES
OTHER ARTICLES

TALK OF THE MONTH

BUDGET 2012
LITTLE CHEER TO  CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

Allocation for science and technology falls short of expectation

Allocation of funds for the science and technology sector in the Union Budget appears to be far from adequate, particulary considering the fact that Prime Minister had just over three months ago emphasised the need for a major increase in investment in research and development.

Inaugurating the annual session of the Indian Science Congress on          January 3,  Prime Minister had lamented that the current spending on R&D in India was “too low and stagnant” at about one per cent of the GDP. Dr. Singh had  set a target of increasing it to at least two per cent by the end of the 12th Plan period.

It was expected that the 2012 budget would contain proposal that will give impetus to the R&D activities in chemical industries. But, the budget proposals do not reflect this view and target

 

Sector

Budget estimate for 2012-13
Rupees in million

Department of Space

56,150

Department of Atomic Energy

116,730

Ministry of Earth Sciences

12,810

Department of Biotechnology

14,850

Department of Scientific and Industrial Research

20,130

Department of Science and Technology

24,770

While the three departments under the Ministry of Science and Technology — Science and Technology, Scientific and Industrial Research and Biotechnology — have each got a hike of just about 10 per cent over the revised estimates or the actual expenditures during the current financial year, the Department of Atomic Energy has been given a hike of about 18 per cent.

The Department of Space and the Ministry of Earth Sciences which is in charge of the India Meteorological Department and polar and ocean-related research and development, have, however, got a substantial increase of about 64 per cent and about 50 per cent respectively.

Overall, the Ministry of Earth Sciences, the three departments under the Ministry of Science and Technology and the two autonomous departments of Atomic Energy and Space have together got an average hike of about 25 per cent.

But this hike itself is only with regard to the revised estimates for the current year. The revised estimates are lower than the estimate available when the Budget was presented to Parliament in February last year.

Biotech sector

The Indian biotech sector has been expecting R&D sops and co-investment opportunities to drive innovation.

The budget 2012 had nothing much to offer biotech sector except the weighted deduction of 200% on expenditure on in-house R&D facility, which  has been extended for five years beyond March 31, 2012. Also, there is hope that government pronouncements on enhancing immunization coverage will boost government spending on vaccinations, bringing some gains for vaccine makers.

There are no major announcements to spur innovation and growth of the sector. However, that small biotech firms starved of venture capital funding may benefit from the Rs 50,000 million allocated to SIDBI for MSMEs even as the Rs 2000 million allocation for development of new technologies for seeds and plants and grant for agri universities would provide some impetus. 

There is no fresh proposal that will give an impetus to research and development in biotechnology.

Hike in excise duty / service tax

The hike in excise duty rates and service tax is expected to put pressure on the margins. The excise duty is up from 1% to 2% and raw material costs will go up.

LNG imports made duty free for power generation only

The Budget proposes that natural gas/LNG imported for power generation by a power generation company is being fully exempted from basic customs duty.

The budget proposal to abolish five per cent import duty on liquefied natural gas (LNG) seem to be only for the power generation companies such as NTPC and Reliance Power.

The industry was expecting that import duty on LNG will be for all sectors, a move that will not only benefit the importers but also consumers like sponge iron and fertiliser sectors, besides power among others.

If the power companies gets long term price commitment, then it could look at setting up some generation capacity based on imported gas for consumers.

According guesstimates, the two existing terminals – Petronet LNG's Dahej terminal and Shell's Hazira terminal – and the soon-to-be-commissioned Dabhol terminal will receive around 250 LNG cargoes in 2012-13. And the customs duty at the existing rate would have been around           Rs 25,000 million.

Import duty on coal

Budget announcements include far-reaching measures in terms of rationalisation of import duties on coal and mining equipment, measures to ensure increased fuel availability by giving thrust to coal mining and reduced cost of borrowings for this capital-intensive sector.

Lack of support for biofuel research

What is most disappointing is that Union Budget is that it has not made any efforts to encourage research and development on alternate fuel, appropriate to India’s needs and Indian scenario,

With the price of crude oil constantly fluctuating and often reaching unacceptable level and India becoming highly susceptible to international cartel pressure for crude oil and natural gas, India has to find appropriate and alternate fuel to meet its energy needs. To achieve this end, massive research and development efforts are required that call for appropriate incentive programme and encouragement from Government of India.

A few years back, there was huge euphoria in the country about jatropha bio fuel. But, Jatropha industry has now virtually  collapsed for all practical purpose due inadequate support measures by the government. Considerable research and development efforts have to be made to improve the oil content of the jatropha seeds and optmise the process parameters for extraction of oil. Such efforts will go a long way to stabilise the jatropha industry and make it competitive in the Indian and global market.

Another obvious and big opportunity awaiting exploitation is algae bio fuel industry. Huge research and development efforts are now being  initiated around the world to optimise the production of algae biofuel . Many companies around the world think that algae bio fuel can be the ultimate substitute for the petroleum crude for the purpose of energy management.

India has significant advantages with regard to cultivation of algae due to long coastal  belt and suitable tropical conditions.

Indian research and development efforts should match the efforts in other developed countries for production of  algae bio fuel, so that India will not become mere recipient of bio fuel technology paying exorbitant cost at later stage.

It is surprising that Finance Minister has not realised the importance of such bio fuel research needs and obviously technologists in the government have not briefed the Finance Minister adequately.

Indian chemical industry has lost one more opportunity due to the Union Budget ignoring several vital  aspects relating to chemical industry.

STATE OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

Objective

It is disturbing to know from a recent study report that only a fraction of graduate engineers passing out from the engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu get jobs on all India basis and their share of employment in IT sectors are also steadily declining compared to several other states in India.

The objective of the study carried out by Nandini Consultancy Centre  is to ascertain the present scenario with regard to the state of engineering education in Tamil Nadu.

Methodology

The study was carried out on the basis of desk research and primary survey. Cross section of  students, teachers, parents  and industries were contacted all over Tamil Nadu for informal discussions on the subject. 

The study was carried out under the guidance of the following senior engineers

Mr. N.S.Venkataraman, Chemical Engineer,Director,Nandini Consultancy Centre

Mr. Swaminathan Venkataraman  Chemical Engineer, MBA  (Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad  ) Director, Nandini Consultancy Centre

The findings of the study are given below

Overview

 Number of engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu are now around 500 (Not many people seem to know the exact number of engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu due to the number of colleges increasing every year). It is reported that atleast 20,000 seats in engineering colleges go unfilled in the recent years. Such  trend is likely to continue in the forthcoming academic year also.

What is surprising is that inspite of the presence of many engineering colleges in the state and the seats not being filled due to want of students, more  engineering colleges are sought to be set up in the state.

Even amongst the 1,50,000 odd  students  in  the state engineering colleges, as many as around 30 percent of the students are reported to be recording poor academic performance and fail in one or more subjects every year and get degree only after writing arrear examinations several times. These conditions indicate that there is deep inadequacy and flaw in the engineering education in Tamil Nadu, which call for  urgent remedial steps and correction.

Many private engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu appear to be facing some basic issues

Quality of the students

In view of huge capacity creation for engineering education ,any student who get minimum marks in Plus 2 level and can find money to pay for fees etc.,  can  get admission into engineering college. With so many seats remaining unfilled, there is practically no filtration of the students  at admission level. Therefore, many students who join engineering colleges are found to have inadequate merit level to undergo the tough engineering education.

In earlier days, students used to chase engineering colleges to get admission. But, today it is the other way with  the engineering colleges chasing the students to increase the intake It is rumoured that some engineering colleges even go to the extent of employing  middlemen to increase the students strength. This seems to be the reason why number of students from distant states like Bihar, Orissa and northeastern region come to the engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu.

In such conditions, while reputed and established engineering colleges get students with merit , most of the other engineering colleges get students whose merit level may not be of requisite standards.

Scarcity of teachers

With the rapid increase in the number of engineering colleges, the number of available qualified and experienced teachers are not adequate to meet the demand.

In view of such severe shortage of qualified and competent teachers, many retired professors are re employed for a long period. There is really nothing wrong in this. But, the age inevitably tell upon efficiency and alert level of these senior professors. There are reported to be seniors in age group of  above 70, who are still employed by the colleges as teachers (full time or part time)

Those who get superannuated in jobs in industries but without necessary teaching experience  seek teaching positions  in engineering colleges and get the jobs as part of the second innings in their career. There are also those who have passed out in previous year and become a teacher in  the subsequent year and  taking full fledged classes .

About management

In recent time, most of the engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have been set up by politicians, cinema stars  and businessmen.

It appears that the top administrative positions in these  private engineering colleges have now become hereditary, with the relatives of the promoters occupying the key positions, who may not have the requisite relevant  qualification and experience.

As a result,  there seem to be a big gap in communication between the promoters and teaching community and  teachers sometimes feel “small” in front of the relatives and friends of the promoter occupying key positions.

It is not to say that all engineering colleges lack quality in management . Some of them are managed reasonably well but quite a number of others leave much to desire.

Lack of job opportunities

The unfortunate truth is that while number of engineers passing out of engineering colleges have increased substantially, the job opportunities for such engineers in the market have not increased in equal proportion.

As a result, the level of unemployment amongst fresh engineers are steadily increasing every year. While the graduate engineers passing with impressive academic record get jobs, those with lesser academic performance have to settle down for under employment or take up jobs in entirely different  fields where the engineering knowledge are not required. Such engineering graduates have now been forced to compete with the science and arts graduates and sometimes even with +2 passed students in job markets.

This has created tremendous level of frustration amongst large number of  graduate engineers, many of whom regret their decision to opt for engineering education.
Gullible and the poor students suffer:

Attracted by the marketing campaign of the promoters of the engineering colleges and enamoured by the prospects of their sons and daughters becoming engineers, many poor families are eager  to admit their sons and daughters  in engineering colleges, even though they can not afford to meet the expenses involved. Many of such poor families have been forced into debt burden to finance engineering education.

When the graduate engineers do not get the jobs at decent salary level after passing out, the hopes of the poor families about paying  back the debt disappear and the entire family is driven to economic despair.

There are many poor families in Tamil Nadu facing this situation.

Responsibility of the government and All India Council For Technical Education (AICTE)

Such grave situation have developed since the government and All India Council For Technical Education  have been according  permission to start so many new engineering colleges, without relating the intake capacity to the employment prospects and availability of teaching faculty .

The government and  AICTE  have the responsibility to ensure that investment in engineering colleges would not be wasted and the students would not be misled. Capacity creation for engineering colleges can not be done in similar manner like creating capacity for production of consumer products.

It is high time that the policy towards according permission for setting up new engineering colleges should be reviewed with utmost care.

Advise to students

Considering the fact that the  supply of engineers from the engineering colleges far exceed the demand and good   and well paying jobs are available  only for those who pass out with good academic record, the students whose academic performance are of average standards should avoid getting into the engineering colleges, particularly since the engineering course is tough and demanding.

Particularly, the  families of students form lower income group who cannot afford to pay for the engineering education should desist from getting into huge  debt   or selling their properties for raising  money  for engineering education,  as many of them are found to face difficult conditions, when the passed out students are not able to get well paying jobs. 

It is extremely important that the students should carefully evaluate their academic capabilities and financial strength of the family before opting to join engineering colleges.

PHOSPHINE GAS – PRODUCT PROFILE
CAS number 7803-51-2
Other names            Hydrogen phosphide; trihydrogen phosphide; phosphorus trihydrides; phosphoretted hydrogen; 2-phospane
Molecular formula PH3
Solubility in water            31.2 mg/100 ml (17 deg.C)

Phosphine is corrosive towards metals, in particular copper and copper-containing alloys.

Origin

Small amounts of phosphine can occur naturally, formed during the anaerobic degradation of organic matter.

This article discusses the following details :

  • Applications
  • Preparation
  • Global demand
  • Global players
  • A new formulation of aluminium phosphide providing controlled release of  phosphine
MONO CHLORO ACETIC ACID (MCA) - GLOBAL SCENARIO

Specifications

Molecular formula C2H3O2Cl
Appearance Fine white crystal
Melting point (deg.C) Min 61.0
Heavy metals (ppm) Max.20
Purity (%) Min. 99.0
Dichloroacetic acid (ppm) Max.300

Application

MCAA is an intermediate for multi step production for

  •         Herbicide industry
  •         Detergent industry
  •         Oil Industry
  •         Paper Industry
  •         Cosmetic industry
  •         Food Industry
  •         Pharma industry
  •         Construction material industry

This article discusses the following details:

  • Manufacturing process
  • Global players
  • Global MCA market
  • Scenario in China
  • Scenario in Western Europe
  • Scenario in USA
  • Scenario in Japan
  • Projected global market
HYDROQUINONE – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
CAS number 123-31-9 
Molecular formula       C6H6O2
Appearance white solid
Density                      1.3 g cm−3, solid
Solubility in water       5.9 g/100 mL (15 °C)

Application

Hydroquinone has a variety of uses principally associated with its action as a reducing agent which is in water. It is a major component in most photographic developers for film and paper where, with the compound Metol, it reduces silver halides to elemental silver.

Hydroquinone, is used mainly as a polymerization inhibitor, as an antioxidant ingredient for rubbers, and as a pigment.

This article discusses the following details

  • Process
  • Global producers
  • Global demand
  • Investment opportunity
ETHABOXAM – PRODUCT PROFILE
Chemical Name N-(cyano-2-thienylmethyl)-4-ethyl-2-(ethlyamino)
-5 thiazolecarboxamide
CAS name              N-(cyano-2-thienylmethyl)-4-ethyl-2-(ethylamino)
-5-thiazolecarboxamide
CAS  No. 162650-77-3
Formulation LGC-30473 10% SC (100 gram per litre ethaboxam)

Registration

Currently, ethaboxam is not registered for use on any sites that would result in residential exposure or residues in drinking water in the U.S.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics

Physical State Solid powder
Colour Very pale yellow
Odour No significant odor detected
Density, Bulk Density 1.28 at 24 deg.C           
pH 6.8
Oxidizing or reducing action None
Stability Stable at 54 deg.C for 14 days

This article discusses the following details:

  • Application
  • Profile of major producers
  • Prognosis
GLOBAL SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY TO GROW BY 4% IN 2012 - FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

The semiconductor industry is poised for a rebound starting in the second quarter of 2012. This outlook is up from Gartner's previous forecast in the fourth quarter of 2011 for 2.2% growth.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ASEPTIC PACKAGING

World demand for aseptic packaging is projected to grow 9.1% per year to US$35.8 billion in 2015, according to a report by Freedonia Group, Inc.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

MENTHA OIL INDUSTRY - OPPORTUNITIES & UNCERTAINTIES

Mentha oil is derived from a plant named Mentha arvensis or common mint

China is a major importer of the crystallized form and re-exports it after value addition.

Mentha is a cash crop and good returns in the past has helepd in more areas coming under it.

According to the state-run Spices Board, India is one of the world's largest producers of mentha oil and exports nearly 80% of its produce.

Mentha production for the year 2011, which was earlier estimated at 42,000 tonne was later revised to 36,000 tonne in the month of October. Production in 2010 stood at 28,000 tonne.

Mentha is primarily grown in Sambhal, Chandausi, Barabanki, Bedayun,        Ram Nagar, and Bareily — all in Uttar Pradesh.

It has spread to neighbouring states like Bihar due to the price and the fact that mentha oil can be stored without quality loss.

This article discusses the following details:

  • High price of mentha oil
  • Negative impact of futures market
  • Competition from China
  • Indian import – export trend
THE ETHANOL BLENDING PROGRAMME

Eleven years since the Government of India launched the ethanol-blended petrol (EBP) programme, pricing remains the biggest spoiler.

The programme, according to which five per cent ethanol had to be blended with petrol, in order to reduce pollution and boost agriculture sector, has also suffered from bureaucratic hurdles.

“EBP still hasn't taken off in a big way due to inconsistent availability of ethanol, restrictions and complex as well as differential tax structures of the States,” an oil industry official said.

This article discusses the following details:

  • Ethanol Offer against EOI 2011-12 (October 2011 – September 2012)
  • Views of industry
NUCLEAR FUEL COMPLEX'S NIOBIUM FACILITY

Niobium when combined with hafnium gives niobhat.

This alloy can withstand high temperature. It is used in the nozzles of spaceships, which need to be in space for long time. Hence, the critical nature of the product.

Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) has developed the technology to make both niobium and zirconium. The alloy of niobium and zirconium is used to fabricate coolant channels of nuclear power reactors.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

CARBON CREDITS LIKELY TO FETCH Rs.4,775 CR IN 2012

Niobium when combined with hafnium gives niobhat.

This alloy can withstand high temperature. It is used in the nozzles of spaceships, which need to be in space for long time. Hence, the critical nature of the product.

Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) has developed the technology to make both niobium and zirconium. The alloy of niobium and zirconium is used to fabricate coolant channels of nuclear power reactors.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

NUCLEAR FUEL COMPLEX'S NIOBIUM FACILITY

Under the CDM, emission-reduction (or emission removal) projects in developing countries can earn certified emission reduction credits.

These CERs can be traded and sold and used by industrialised countries to meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol.

Last year, India had 520 registered CDM projects with the UNFCCC. Among the public sector enterprises, ONGC, NTPC, NHPC, BEL and SAIL, among others, have benefited.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

INDIA’S NATURAL GAS IMPORT WILL BECOME ALMOST TOTAL

Domestic gas output has been on a decline with the production from India's largest gas fields operated by Reliance Industries steadily falling after hitting a peak of 60 mmscmd in end 2009. Besides demand, the availability of imported gas also depends on price and tie-up with the suppliers.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

UNCERTAIN COAL SCENARIO IN INDIA

The total gas power project based capacities now stand at around 17,000 MW in India and the Government is discouraging setting up of new gas-based power projects.

India has hardly any option left but to turn to coal for future growth. 

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

PROSPECTS FOR SHALE GAS PROJECTS IN POLAND

The U.S. Energy Information Administration said last year that Poland may hold 5.2 trillion cubic meters of gas or enough fuel trapped in shale to meet domestic needs for 300 years.

However the Polish Geological Institute cut estimates of domestic gas reserves 85 percent, based on analysis of data from wells drilled between the 1950s and 1980s.                           

The growth of shale gas in Poland will be slower than in the U.S. because it would need to build the infrastructure the U.S. already had available," The gas in place is there, but it's unclear if it can be extracted at a rate that's commercial.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

GRAPHENE BASED MEMBRANES FOR SUPERPERMEABILITY - RESEARCH EFFORTS

Graphene is a carbon-based material currently receiving considerable attention in the scientific world, with the potential to create fold away mobile phones, wallpaper-thin lighting panels and the next generation of aircraft.

Researchers at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom have found new properties for graphene superpermeability with respect to water.

In a report published in Science, a team led by Professor Sir Andre Geim shows that graphene-based membranes are impermeable to all gases and liquids (vacuum-tight). However, water evaporates through them as quickly as if the membranes were not there at all.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

BIO BUTANOL DEMONSTRATION PLANT AT HULL, U.K - PIONEERING VENTURE OF BUTAMAX

While recent biofuels headlines have been dominated by cellulosic ethanol, Butamax Advanced Biofuels (Wilmington, DE)  a biofuels producer backed by DuPont and BP has been advancing its biobutanol technology and setting the stage for a 2014 commercial launch.

This article discusses the following details:

  • Background details of Butamax
  • Commercial scale production unit
  • Process improvement
  • Regulatory approvals
  • Opportunity for ethanol producers
  • Patent issue
  • Future plans
ON SITE SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SYSTEM

The city of Missouri City, Texas in the USA has selected the Klorigen(TM) on-site sodium hypochlorite generation system from Electrolytic Technologies Corporation (ETC) for the final phase of installation at its Bees Passage Road potable water plant.

The Klorigen process is designed to produce chlorine gas (at or below atmospheric pressure) or high strength sodium hypochlorite or both, simultaneously.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

ANTI MALARIAL COMPOUNDS FROM MARINE ORGANISMS RESEARCH EFFORTS

Indian scientists have achieved a breakthrough in the search for new anti-malarial compounds of natural origin to combat different strains of the parasites responsible for the dreaded disease.

An interdisciplinary research team comprising scientists drawn from four institutes across the country has zeroed in on two marine organisms that generate chemical compounds with potent anti-malarial activity.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

OTHER FEATURES

ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced on yarn imports in India are discussed.

UPDATE ON BIO FUELS

The recent developments on tobacco oil to be used for bio fuel are discussed.

NEWS ROUND UP  

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed:

INTERNATIONAL

  • Sinopec and Aramco join hands to build refinery in Saudi
  • Sodium methoxide plant in Brazil
  • Lithium carbonate plant in Chile
  • Sumitomo exits ethylbenzene JV
  • Anhydrous ammonia expansion in USA
  • Biopolymer venture in USA
  • Resins joint venture in Russia
  • MTO project in Trinidad
  • Sinopec plans in South America
  • World demand for nonwovens to reach 9.3 million metric tonnes in 2015
  • Rare earths plant in Malaysia facing uncertainty

INDIA

  • H2O innovation India commissions its first major water treatment system
  • Depleting reserves, low grade ore make it tough for steel units in Karnataka

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS

The recent developments on the following technology efforts are highlighted

  • DuPont collaborates with Yingli on high efficiency solar tech
  • Activated carbon efficiency
  • PTFE membranes for high-purity chemicals
  • Biodegradable mulch film

CHINA NEWS

The recent developments on the following products/events are updated

  • Keyuan petrochemicals put SBS plant on stream
  • Sabic  - Sinopec joint venture in China
  • Superabsorbents acrylic acid capacity in China
  • BDO and acetic acid complex in Chongqing
  • Poly carbonate
  • Phosphorous chemical project
  • Nicosulfuron technical project
  • Wacker expands polymer site in China
  • Ashland  produces redispersible powders
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Butadiene
  • China loses appeal against WTO raw material export ruling

AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed:

  • Radiation technique helps improve 39 crop varieties
  • Salt loving wheat could ease food crisis
  • Alachlor - Monsanto loses pesticide personal injury case in France
  • Beetroot juice
  • Vanilla

ENERGY PAGE

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed:

  • Innovative 3D design for solar energy
  • Battery from liquid metal could charge green energy
  • Solar module making capacity in India touches 1,300 MW

ENVIRONMENTAL PAGE

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed:

  • EPA missed deadline for finalizing its dioxin assessment
  • NRDC sues EPA to block nanopesticide approval
  • Bhopal waste to be disposed of at Pithampur in Madhya Pradesh
  • NALCO’s smelter  plant  faces closure
  • Enzymes for waste water treatment

PRICE DETAILS

Global price trends on the following products are provided

  • U.S. Propylene prices
  • Vinyl acetate ethylene (VAE)
  • Caprolactone monomer
ANTI MALARIAL COMPOUNDS FROM MARINE ORGANISMS RESEARCH EFFORTS

Indian scientists have achieved a breakthrough in the search for new anti-malarial compounds of natural origin to combat different strains of the parasites responsible for the dreaded disease.

An interdisciplinary research team comprising scientists drawn from four institutes across the country has zeroed in on two marine organisms that generate chemical compounds with potent anti-malarial activity.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

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